Title

Multidimensional deconvolution of optical microscope and ultrasound imaging using adaptive least-mean-square (LMS) inverse filtering

Date of Completion

January 2000

Keywords

Engineering, Biomedical|Engineering, Electronics and Electrical|Physics, Optics

Degree

Ph.D.

Abstract

Three-dimensional microscope images typically suffer from reduced resolution due to the effects of convolution, optical aberrations and out-of-focus blurring. Two-dimensional ultrasound images are also degraded by convolutional bluffing and various sources of noise. Speckle noise is a major problem in ultrasound images. In microscopy and ultrasound, various methods of digital filtering have been used to improve image quality. Several methods of deconvolution filtering have been used to improve resolution by reversing the convolutional effects, many of which are based on regularization techniques and non-linear constraints. The technique discussed here is a unique linear filter for deconvolving 3D fluorescence microscopy or 2D ultrasound images. The process is to solve for the filter completely in the spatial-domain using an adaptive algorithm to converge to an optimum solution for de-blurring and resolution improvement. There are two key advantages of using an adaptive solution: (1) it efficiently solves for the filter coefficients by taking into account all sources of noise and degraded resolution at the same time, and (2) achieves near-perfect convergence to the ideal linear deconvolution filter. This linear adaptive technique has other advantages such as avoiding artifacts of frequency-domain transformations and concurrent adaptation to suppress noise. Ultimately, this approach results in better signal-to-noise characteristics with virtually no edge-ringing. Many researchers have not adopted linear techniques because of poor convergence, noise instability and negative valued data in the results. The methods presented here overcome many of these well-documented disadvantages and provide results that clearly out-perform other linear methods and may also out-perform regularization and constrained algorithms. In particular, the adaptive solution is most responsible for overcoming the poor performance associated with linear techniques. This linear adaptive approach to deconvolution is demonstrated with results of restoring blurred phantoms for both microscopy and ultrasound and restoring 3D microscope images of biological cells and 2D ultrasound images of human subjects (courtesy of General Electric and Diasonics, Inc.). ^