This article analyzes the exposure to cheating risk of online courses relative to face-to-face courses at a single institution. For our sample of 20 online courses we report that the cheating risk is higher than for equivalent face-to-face courses because of reliance on un-proctored multiple choice exams. We conclude that the combination of a proctored final exam, and strategic use cheating deterrents in the administration of un-proctored multiple choice exams, would significantly reduce the cheating risk differential without substantially altering the assessment design of online instruction.
Harmon, Oskar; Lambrinos, James; and Buffolino, Judy, "Is the Cheating Risk Always Higher in Online Instruction Compared to Face-to-Face Instruction?" (2008). Economics Working Papers. Paper 200814.