his study examined the differences in content knowledge, attitudes toward mathematics, and concepts of teacher self-efficacy among several different types of teachers in the New York City Teaching Fellows program, and informs teacher education in mathematics alternative certification. Findings revealed that high school teachers had significantly higher content knowledge than middle school teachers. Mathematics Teaching Fellows had significantly higher content knowledge than Mathematics Immersion Teaching Fellows. Mathematics and science majors had significantly higher content knowledge than other majors. Teachers had the same high positive attitudes toward mathematics and same high concepts of self-efficacy regardless of content ability.
Evans, Brian R., "MIDDLE AND HIGH SCHOOL MATHEMATICS TEACHER DIFFERENCES IN MATHEMATICS ALTERNATIVE CERTIFICATION" (2010). NERA Conference Proceedings 2010. 16.