In its pure form, "doing philosophy" which includes "doing ethics, inquiry and critical or rigorous thinking." The late Matthew Lipman recognized that doing philosophy entailed the cultivation of excellent thinking. His ideas have been explored and expanded within the context of Philosophy for Children, a movement that makes reasoning and judgment available to children through the discipline of philosophy. It is rare to see philosophy and/or other methods of teaching reasonable, ethical and caring thinking in institutions of learning in this country.
Novemsky, Lisa, "Ethical Inquiry: In and Out of the Curriculum" (2010). NERA Conference Proceedings 2010. 20.