This study explored the perceptions of school principals in regards to school crisis preparedness planning and training using survey data. ANOVAs indicated that elementary schools reported greater external security measures than high schools (F = 3.17, p = .049); high schools reported greater internal security measures (F = 11.06, p = .001) and drills with first responders than elementary and middle schools (F = 6.09, p = .004). Implications for educators regarding a relationship between the perceptions of preparedness to respond to a school crisis that requires a coordinated, multi-agency effort, and the collaborative training between school districts and their first responders were discussed.
Alba, David J. and Gable, Robert, "Crisis Preparedness: Do School Administrators and First Responders Feel Ready to Act?" (2011). NERA Conference Proceedings 2011. 7.