Document Type



Medicine and Health Sciences


Uncertainty is an aversive experience and plays an important role in the lives of men undergoing active surveillance (AS) (earlier referred to as watchful waiting) for early-stage prostate cancer. Yet reliable and valid measures of uncertainty have not been fully tested in this population. This secondary analysis therefore tested the reliability of the Mishel Uncertainty in Illness Scale – Community Form (MUIS-C; Mishel, 1997b) for use with a population of men undergoing AS for prostate cancer.


Published in final edited form as: Appl Nurs Res. 2009 September 17: doi: 10.1016/j.apnr.2009.08.001.