Document Type

Article

Disciplines

Medicine and Health Sciences

Abstract

Background

The purpose of this study was to determine whether adding the anti-epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) tyrosine kinase inhibitor erlotinib to carboplatin/paclitaxel improved pathologic complete response (pCR) at reassessment surgery in epithelial ovarian, fallopian tube, or primary peritoneal cancers (OFPC).

Methods

Patients with stage III-IV OFPC initiated treatment within 12 weeks of initial cytoreductive surgery or, after histologic confirmation of diagnosis, neoadjuvantly. Treatment included paclitaxel (175 mg/m2) and carboplatin (AUC 6) every 3 weeks for up to 6 cycles, plus oral erlotinib 150 mg daily. The primary objective was to determine whether the pCR rate at reassessment surgery was at least 60% after optimal cytoreduction at initial surgery (< 1 cm residual disease), or at least 40% after suboptimal cytoreduction (at least 1 cm residual disease) using a two-stage design (alpha = 0.10, beta =0.10).

Results

The study population included 56 patients with stage III-IV OFPC. EGFR gene amplification was present in 15% of the 20 tumors evaluated. Twenty-eight patients had protocol therapy after optimal cytoreduction (stratum I), 23 had protocol therapy either after suboptimal cytoreduction (stratum II), and 5 received neoadjuvant therapy prior to cytoreduction (stratum III). Pathologic CR was confirmed in 8 patients (29%; 95% confidence intervals 13%, 49%) in stratum I and 3 patients (11%, 95% C.I. 2%, 28%) in stratum II, which did not meet the prespecified efficacy endpoint in either stratum.

Conclusions

Among unselected patients, erlotinib plus carboplatin-paclitaxel is not more effective than historical experience with carboplatin-paclitaxel alone in patients with stage III-IV OFPC.

Comments

Gynecol Oncol. Author manuscript; available in PMC 2012 September 19. Published in final edited form as: Gynecol Oncol. 2010 December; 119(3): 451–456. Published online 2010 September 15. doi: 10.1016/j.ygyno.2010.08.008