Document Type

Article

Disciplines

Life Sciences | Medicine and Health Sciences

Abstract

Cancer has been linked to mutations within specific codons in genes that code for critical biomolecules such as tumor suppressor proteins (e.g., p53). Activated metabolites like benzo[a]pyrenediol epoxide act on preferred nucleotide sequences of DNA, and such mutations have been identified in cancers. DNA reaction site identification depends on accurate analysis of oligonucleotide fragment sizes produced by strand breakage at the damaged sites. Herein, we report a new method for DNA fragment sizing using capillary electrophoresis with laser-induced fluorescence detection (CE-LIF). Absolute sizing accuracy and speed are achieved by utilizing a CE-LIF array with two-color fluorescence detection. Accuracy depends on correcting results with commercial standards by referring them to primary standards with the same sequences and identical labels as sample fragments. The method is demonstrated by detection of a […GGCGCG-CAG…] G reaction site for styrene oxide on an oligonucleotide representing the CYP1B1 gene. This approach avoids the need for radioactive isotopes and is less labor intensive and faster than the alternative PAGE with 32P end labeling.

Comments

Anal Chem. Author manuscript; available in PMC 2012 October 30. Published in final edited form as: Anal Chem. 2008 March 15; 80(6): 2212–2221. Published online 2008 February 12. doi: 10.1021/ac702265b PMCID: PMC3483637 NIHMSID: NIHMS412548

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