Medicine and Health Sciences
Progesterone Receptor Membrane Component-1 (PGRMC1) is present in both the cytoplasm and nucleus of spontaneously immortalized granulosa cells (SIGCs). PGRMC1 is detected as a monomer in the cytoplasm and a DTT-resistant PGRMC1 dimer in the nucleus. Transfected PGRMC1-GFP localizes mainly to the cytoplasm and does not form a DTT-resistant dimer. Moreover, forced expression of PGRMC1-GFP increases the sensitivity of the SIGCs to progesterone (P4) 's anti-apoptotic action, indicating that the PGRMC1 monomer is functional. However, when endogenous PGRMC1 is depleted by siRNA treatment and replaced with PGRMC1-GFP, P4 responsiveness is not enhanced, although overall levels of PGRMC1 are increased. P4's anti-apoptotic action is also attenuated by actinomycin D, an inhibitor of RNA synthesis, and P4 activation of PGRMC1 suppresses Bad and increases Bcl2a1d expression. Taken together, the present studies suggest a genomic component to PGRMC1's anti-apoptotic mechanism of action, which requires the presence of the PGRMC1 dimer.
Peluso, John J.; Liu, Xiufang; Gawkowska, A; Lodde, Valentina; and Wu, Carol A., "Progesterone Inhibits Apoptosis in part by PGRMC1-Regulated Gene Expression" (2010). Articles - Research. Paper 36.